Architecture and Landscape
In recent decades “landscape” has taken on an expanded definition in architecture. In the first half of the twentieth century, the architectural avant-garde celebrated autonomy from nature, and architects devised utopian schemes for creating urban realms ex novo, with little consideration for their surroundings. More recently, however, the challenges of a threatened environment and rapidly expanding cities have fostered a revised understanding of landscape. Harmony between the spatial, social, and environmental aspects of human life has become a priority in political thought, and this has had profound reverberations in both architecture and landscape design. “Landscape”—no longer understood merely as nature untouched—now encompasses complex interventions by architects and landscape architects in urban and rural surroundings.
April 8, 2009–September 14, 2009
© All rights reserved The Museum of Modern Art. 2009 United States
Superstudio (Italian, est. 1966-1982). Cut-and-pasted printed paper, color pencil, and oil stick on board. 18 3/8 x 18 1/8" (46.7 x 46 cm). Gift of The Howard Gilman Foundation